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Citizens Assessments Pyramid

Citizens has three policy accounts – Coastal, Personal Lines and Commercial Lines – which are financially independent of one another and have separate claims-paying resources and capacities. A devastating storm or series of smaller storms could cause a deficit in one or more account, leaving Citizens without enough money to pay all claims. If this happens, Florida law requires Citizens to charge a series of assessments until the deficit is paid.

Who Pays Assessments

Both Citizens and non-Citizens policyholders must pay assessments in addition to their regular policy premiums when additional funds are needed to pay policyholder claims. Unlike a private insurance company, Citizens is required to levy assessments on its customers if claims-paying funds are exhausted.

For Citizens policyholders, assessments can be substantial. It’s important to understand the assessment process and how it affects your policy. A Citizens policyholder’s assessment potential can be up to 45% of your premium due to the Citizens Policyholder Surcharge, which is charged first when eliminating a deficit. Private market policyholders are not assessed until the Regular Assessment, which can be up to 2% of premium.

How Assessments Work

Assessments are charged in three tiers – the Citizens Policyholder Surcharge, Regular Assessment and Emergency Assessment.

Citizens Policyholder Surcharge

Assessments begin with the Citizens Policyholder Surcharge of up to 15% per account for each account in which there is a deficit. Each additional tier is charged only if the level before is insufficient to eliminate Citizens' deficit. If there is a shortage in each of the three accounts, policyholders could pay up to a 45% surcharge in addition to their annual premium.

Additional surcharges and assessments or other adjustments may be applied to a Citizens policy in addition to the Citizens Policyholder Surcharge.


  • One-time assessment
  • Citizens policyholders only
  • Up to 45% of premium (15% per account)

Regular Assessment

If a deficit remains only in the Coastal Account after the full amount of the Citizens Policyholder Surcharge is levied, the second tier – a Regular Assessment of 2% – will be added to assessable policies in the private market. The policies subject to the Regular Assessment include private-market homeowners policies, auto, specialty and surplus lines policies.


  • One-time assessment
  • Private-market policyholders, including, but not limited to homeowners, auto, and specialty and surplus lines policies
  • Up to 2% of premium

Emergency Assessment

The third and final tier of assessments – the Emergency Assessment – is charged if a deficit remains in any of the accounts after levying the 2% Regular Assessment. Emergency Assessments can be up to 10% per account per year for each of Citizens’ three accounts. It is levied on both Citizens and non-Citizens policyholders for as many years as necessary until the deficit is resolved.


  • Single- or multiyear assessment
  • Citizens and private-market policyholders
  • Up to 30% of premium per year until any remaining deficit is eliminated (10% per account)

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The True Cost of a Citizens Policy

Because Citizens policyholders are the first and most highly assessed group, the true cost of a Citizens policy can increase dramatically following a major disaster:


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True Cost Calculator

True Cost Calculator

Cost is an important part of your insurance decisions. See how assessments can affect the true cost of your policy following a catastrophic storm or series of storms.

Citizens policyholders can be assessed up to 45 percent of their total premium if Citizens needs additional funds to pay claims following a major disaster. Non-Citizens policyholders can be assessed at a much lower (2 percent) rate.*

  Citizens Premium Non-Citizens Premium
Total Annual Premium
Potential Assessment % 45% 2%
Potential Assessment -- --
True Cost of Coverage -- --


*Does not include Citizens Emergency Assessments, which can be levied over multiple years at the same rate for both Citizens and non-Citizens policyholders, or additional mandated charges and assessments, such as the Florida Hurricane Catastrophe Fund (FHCF) and the Florida Insurance Guaranty Association (FIGA).